PHP TutorialsPhp What is
PHP INI TutorialsPhp ini What is
The include_once() function has the same purpose as include() except that it first verifies whether the file has already been included.
If a file has already been included, include_once() will not execute. Otherwise, it will include the file as necessary. Other than this difference, include_once() operates in exactly the same way as include(). The same quirk pertinent to enclosing include() within conditional statements also applies to include_once().
left.inc.php is a File.